10,000 BCE to 1500
Chinese civilization started around 10,000 BCE,
when a group called the Yangshao (yahng show) settled near the Huang
He River. Archaeologists have uncovered many Yangshao villages in
northern China. In one village, they found the remains of farmhouses,
built partly underground, with plaster floors, and roofs held up with
About 3,000 BCE, another farming group appeared,
the Lungshan people. The Lungshan were very advanced for their
time. They harvested silk, and used it to weave fine
fabrics. They used the potters wheel. They baked
strong bricks in ovens, and used them to build their homes.
They worked together on flood control and irrigation projects.
They had great engineering skills. Legend has it that their
"Great Engineer", Yu, founded the Xia (sometimes called the
Hsia) Dynasty in about 2,000 BCE.
There are no written records of life during
the Xia Dynasty. Our knowledge of these people comes
from ruins of their town, and ancient stories and legends.
The ancient story of the Wise Woman, Loawnu tells
us quite a bit about life in Xia times. Click
here to read it.
Dynasty (British Museum)
Presentations in PowerPoint format
Ancient China Clipart
to Ancient China for Kids