the Xia Dynasty (sometimes called the Hsia Dynasty) began around the
year 2,000 BCE, about 4,000 years ago. Legend says this dynasty was
founded by the best engineer from the Lungshan people, who settled along
the Huang He River a thousand years earlier.
Our knowledge of people during Xia times
comes from ancient stories and the ruins of villages. Archaeologists
have found no written records so far.
From what scientists can tell, these early
people were very advanced for their time. They worked together and used
a system of irrigation to water the fields. They baked bricks in ovens
for strong building materials. The floors of their huts were plaster
instead of earth. They used a potters wheel to make vases and pots. And
they made beautiful, colorfully dyed and designed woven fabrics, made
The people were deeply religious. They believed in the gods of nature, like
the river god, the rain
god, and the earth god. They believed in a great many gods, but the most
powerful god was the sky god, T'ien, the king of all the gods, a
god more powerful than any
In Xia times, peasants celebrated the Spring Festival.
The Spring Festival was a time to worship the gods of agriculture.
They wanted their crops to grow. They also wanted their
friends and families to grow.
Several villages would
gather for the Festival. This is when young boys and girls met
sometime for the first time, and found husbands and wives. Girls
got married at about 15. Boys also married when they were about
15, or a little older.
Ancient Story from Xia Times,
The Story of Loawnu, the Wise Woman
Dynasty (British Museum)
people of China before Xia Times
Presentations in PowerPoint format
Ancient China Clipart
to Ancient China for Kids